Alcoholism & Addiction - A disease

Addiction & Alcoholism were defined as a disease by World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1969. Expert Committee of Drug Dependence. XVIth Report, Geneva WHO, 1969. WHO Technical Report Series No 407.

Addiction is a disease where an individual depends upon any sort of mood altering substance that creates a virtually deceptive sense of being in comfort, whereas in reality the individual's life becomes completely unmanageable. In this situation the individual is completely dependent on the mood altering substance or in other words the substance controls every aspect of the individual's life.

An important aspect of the disease of addiction is “Obsessive Compulsive Disorder” – clinically termed OCD. Addiction (Alcoholism included) is a chronic disease similar to other chronic ailments like Type II Diabetes, Heart diseases or Cancer which not only affect the individual physical but also affects mentally. Relapse rates are similar to other chronic ailments, yet recovery is a proven possibility.

People use drugs as a medium to step out of reality and experience a virtual sense of well-being. An addict keeps using drugs to escape the stark reality and venture into a make believe world of his own. An Alcoholic drinks more and more to revisit the state of being high, that gives him a false sense of comfort. But as is the progressive nature of this disease, the addict or the alcoholic prefers more to be in the make believe state and thus uses drugs or drinks more and more.

Using drugs or drinking continuously progressively increases the unmanageability in one's life and if not clinically intervened, has three definite ends – Death, Jail or Institutionalisation.

Treatment Procedure for Disease of Addiction

Our module of Treatment & Therapy for Drug Addicts & Alcoholics are scientifically proven processes and are broadly categorized into 3 phases.

Phase I : Detoxification
Phase II : Rehabilitation
Phase III : Follow Up and After Care

Detoxification

Most drugs and alcohol addiction require a detoxification program before the start of rehabilitation process. The process of detoxification removes all traces drugs and alcohol from the body. In some cases, maintenance medication program has to be followed to counter withdrawal symptoms associated with certain drug types like Opiates, Prescription drugs and heroine. When a person consumes alcohol regularly, the body becomes accustomed to having certain levels of substance in it. Once the substance is removed, the body can go into a shock, causing severe withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms include, but are not limited to : Extreme Depression, Cognitive & Concentration issues, Decreased Appetite, Severe Fatigue, Agitation, Running Nose, Inability to Sleep, Severe Sweating, Nausea, Cramps, Diarrhoea, Trembling or Shaking, Rapid Heart Rate, Troubled Breathing, Headaches, Muscle Tension & Pain, Seizure, Stroke, Hallucinations & Heart Attacks.

Rehabilitation

Once an individual gets through the detoxification from Drugs & Alcohol usage, they will move on the Rehabilitation Program of the Recovery process. This is where the core reasons of addictions are addressed and patients are provided with self-help therapy modules, where they learn to effectively move ahead in life without the use of Drugs, Alcohol or their Addictive Behaviour traits. During the program the patient learns many skills & strategies to focus on good living. Patients learn to identify relapse triggers & how to deal with such triggers when situation arises. This type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy also addresses thoughts that patients have in relation to way of life using drugs and alcohol. It helps in reforming their thinking pattern and make behavioural changes that enable them to lead a happy, sober life. The module also includes Group Therapy which is a peer process where individuals interact with each other. This is an extremely beneficial method. This self-help community support is the most integral part of the Recovery Process.

We also offer Family Therapy Program as a part of the Rehabilitation Process, wherein family members do come in for counselling and awareness. Family Therapy helps resolve many issues than simply binds the addict/alcoholic back into the strong bonding of the family, before leaving the

Follow Up Programs

We strongly suggest that after leaving the treatment facility, a patient must attend our follow up program for a certain period of time. In the follow up program, the patient would have to visit the treatment facility at intervals and attend Group Therapy Programs & One on one Counselling sessions. This offers a supportive transitional time for recovering addict or alcoholic to get back into the society where he belongs.